In the semipublic domain both public and private actors use their (legal) instruments to secure order and security, to protect visitors, personnel and their goods from harm. This project aims to answer the question to what extent non-governmental actors can legitimately contribute to public order and security on a local level. The first theme of this project concerns the legitimacy of the use of private law instruments for public policy goals and the applicable normative framework, derived from private law principles as well as public law principles. Consideration is given to the horizontal effect of human rights and sufficient mechanisms of checks and balances. Second, private actors also increasingly cooperate with governmental actors in order to create an ‘integral security policy’. This PhD project aims to answer the question to what extent the government can control the use of private law instruments by these private actors. Which boundaries have to be taken into account in case of public-private-partnerships? To this regard, attention will be given to accountability of the different partners in the network.

Researchers: A.E. van Rooij
Topic:  Distribution of responsibilities on the market
Approach:  Public and private law

• A.E. van Rooij, J. Bijlsma, A.E. Schilder & J.L. Smeehuijzen, ‘Bestrijding van voetbalgeweld. De civielrechtelijke, bestuursrechtelijke en strafrechtelijke aanpak van voetbalgeweld geïntegreerd beschouwd’, in: Ars Aequi 2016, november, p. 809-819.
• A.E. van Rooij, ‘Rechtsbescherming bij publiek-private handhaving van de openbare orde. Van fragmentatie naar integratie,’ in: Openbare-orderecht in ontwikkeling (Jonge VAR; no. 14), Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2016, p. 121-173.
• A.E. van Rooij, ‘Private Powers for Public Order: On the Protection of Personal Liberties When Private Actors Maintain Public Order at Public Events’, in: A. McCann, A.E. van Rooij, A. Hallo de Wolf & A.R. Neerhof (Eds.), When Private Actors Contribute to Public Interests. A Law and Governance Perspective, Den Haag: Eleven international publishing 2014, p. 51-72.
• A.E. van Rooij, ‘Private ordehandhaving op voor publiek toegankelijke plaatsen’, in: J.G. Brouwer & A.E. Schilder (red.), Van een andere orde. Over private ordehandhaving, Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2014, p. 51-80.

News and agenda

Pim Huisman attended the workshop of the international network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) in Lausanne on 10 may 2019. The topic of this workshop was ‘Concessions and similar instruments’. Huisman presented a study of 5 cases concerning the exploitation of casino’s, public transport, mining, advertising objects and of parking garages

➢ International expert meeting 'Optimising public interests by competitive tendering'
On Thursday 25 January (afternoon) and Friday 26 January 2018 (morning) a well-attended international expert meeting took place at VU University Amsterdam about 'Optimising Public Interests by Competitive Tendering'.

➢ CPC-delegation attended workshop network ‘Public Contracts in Legal Globalization’
A delegation of CPC – Chris Jansen, Pim Huisman, Frank van Ommeren and Sophie Prent – attended the annual workshop of the international network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) in Paris on 15 december 2017.

➢ CPC hosts international expert meeting at VU University Amsterdam about Competitive Tendering
On Thursday 25 Januari 2018 (afternoon) and Friday 26 January (morning) 2018 an international expert meeting will take place at VU University Amsterdam about 'Optimising Public Interests by Competitive Tendering'.

➢ CPC hosting Research Network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization

The Spring workshop of the Research Network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) will be hosted by CPC on 22 and 23 June 2017 at Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. This workshop marks the launch of a new project of the Network: the impact of competitive tendering and its regulation on the formation and execution of public contracts and concessions.

➢ Masterclasses Public Procurement Law
As in previous years, VU Law Academy will organise in 2017 four masterclasses public procurement law (Masterclasses aanbestedingsrecht, only in Dutch) in close co-operation with CPC. These masterclasses will focus on topics that are currently under debate in public procurement practice. On May 17, the masterclass will be dedicated to ...

➢ IBR-chair Standardization and Conformity Assessment to CPC
The Dutch Institute for Construction Law (Instituut voor Bouwrecht, only in Dutch) provides the Law Faculty of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam with € 25.000,- per annum for a period of five years, for the purpose of establishing a chair dedicated to Standardization and Conformity Assessment. This area is of great importance from the perspective of both administrative law in general and planning and construction law in particular...

➢ CPC contributes to government expert meeting on investigatory powers of municipal courts of audit
On December 5, 2016, CPC researchers Frank van Ommeren and Chris Jansen participated in an expert meeting organised by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. The meeting discussed whether municipal courts of audit have sufficient investigatory powers and whether legislation is needed as a means to deal with possible problems in this respect.

➢ Rianne Jacobs appointed professor of Legislation and Regulation
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam has appointed Rianne Jacobs as honorary professor of Legislation and Regulation as of September 1, 2016. The Ministry of Security and Justice has helped establishing this endowed chair. Based on her experience as a legislation lawyer, Jacobs will investigate as CPC researcher issues regarding the transposition of public policy goals into legislation. Examples of such issues are: the implications of technological developments (digitalization) as well as Europeanization and globalization for legislation.

➢ University Research Chair granted to CPC researcher Jacobien Rutgers
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam has appointed CPC researcher Jacobien Rutgers as full professor in the University Research Chair (URC) program as of January 1, 2017. VU University Research Chair (URC) is a selective and privileged appointment as full professor. The chair has been created to recognize ...

➢ International book project ‘Scarcity and the State’
CPC researcher Frank van Ommeren co-edited two books on the allocation of scarce public rights, in close co-operation with Paul Adriaanse (Leiden University), Willemien den Ouden (Leiden University) and Johan Wolswinkel ...


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