This project concerns the legal position of semi-public entities. Semi-public entities are defined as private bodies that perform an element of a public function or are institutionally linked to ‘traditional’ governmental authorities. Institutional relationships can exist through governmental shareholdings or the government’s power to give instructions, to approve decisions of the private entity, or to appoint or dismiss its directors. Government funding can also be seen as constituting an institutional relationship. Another important characteristic of semi-public entities is their performance of a public function. Semi-public entities are therefore situated at the intersection of public and private law. This raises questions about the divide between the two areas of law. This project especially concerns questions regarding the applicability of substantive-law standards, access to justice and public accountability and democratic control.

Researchers: Dr. N. Jak; Prof. dr. F.J. van Ommeren
Topic: Distribution of responsibilities on the market 
Approach: Public and private law

• Niels Jak & Frank van Ommeren, ‘Semi-public Entities and the Public-Private Law Divide in South African and Dutch Law’, South African Law Journal 2016, 133 (1), p. 102-132.
• N. Jak, Semipublieke instellingen. De juridische positie van instellingen op het snijvlak van overheid en samenleving (diss. Amsterdam VU), Den Haag: BJu 2014.
• N. Jak, 'Semipublieke instellingen en de Wet open overheid', Nederlands Juristenblad 2016/1475, p. 2083-2090.
• N. Jak, 'Het overheidsbegrip in de Wet modernisering Vpb-plicht overheidsondernemingen vanuit bestuursrechtelijk perspectief. De subjectieve belastingplicht van private overheidsondernemingen', Maandblad Belasting Beschouwingen 2016, afl. 5, p. 192-201.
• N. Jak, 'De publieke-taakjurisprudentie verduidelijkt. Over privaatrechtelijke rechtspersonen en het bestuursorgaanbegrip', JBplus 2015, p. 75-95.
• N. Jak, ‘Het intern toezicht door de raad van toezicht: verantwoordingsarrangement vanuit democratisch perspectief’, in: G.D. Minderman, R. Goodijk & S. van den Berg (red.), Waar is de raad van toezicht? Deel II. Een bundel van visies en ideeën, Den Haag: Boom Lemma uitgevers 2012, p. 163-176.
• N. Jak & S.E. Zijlstra, ‘De overheidsstichting: een tussenstand’, in: M.L. Lennarts, W.J.M. van Veen & D.F.M.M. Zaman (red.), De stichting. Kritische beschouwingen over de wettelijke regeling voor een veelzijdige rechtsvorm, Den Haag: Sdu 2011, p. 191-214.

News and agenda

Pim Huisman attended the workshop of the international network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) in Lausanne on 10 may 2019. The topic of this workshop was ‘Concessions and similar instruments’. Huisman presented a study of 5 cases concerning the exploitation of casino’s, public transport, mining, advertising objects and of parking garages

➢ International expert meeting 'Optimising public interests by competitive tendering'
On Thursday 25 January (afternoon) and Friday 26 January 2018 (morning) a well-attended international expert meeting took place at VU University Amsterdam about 'Optimising Public Interests by Competitive Tendering'.

➢ CPC-delegation attended workshop network ‘Public Contracts in Legal Globalization’
A delegation of CPC – Chris Jansen, Pim Huisman, Frank van Ommeren and Sophie Prent – attended the annual workshop of the international network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) in Paris on 15 december 2017.

➢ CPC hosts international expert meeting at VU University Amsterdam about Competitive Tendering
On Thursday 25 Januari 2018 (afternoon) and Friday 26 January (morning) 2018 an international expert meeting will take place at VU University Amsterdam about 'Optimising Public Interests by Competitive Tendering'.

➢ CPC hosting Research Network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization

The Spring workshop of the Research Network Public Contracts in Legal Globalization (PCLG) will be hosted by CPC on 22 and 23 June 2017 at Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. This workshop marks the launch of a new project of the Network: the impact of competitive tendering and its regulation on the formation and execution of public contracts and concessions.

➢ Masterclasses Public Procurement Law
As in previous years, VU Law Academy will organise in 2017 four masterclasses public procurement law (Masterclasses aanbestedingsrecht, only in Dutch) in close co-operation with CPC. These masterclasses will focus on topics that are currently under debate in public procurement practice. On May 17, the masterclass will be dedicated to ...

➢ IBR-chair Standardization and Conformity Assessment to CPC
The Dutch Institute for Construction Law (Instituut voor Bouwrecht, only in Dutch) provides the Law Faculty of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam with € 25.000,- per annum for a period of five years, for the purpose of establishing a chair dedicated to Standardization and Conformity Assessment. This area is of great importance from the perspective of both administrative law in general and planning and construction law in particular...

➢ CPC contributes to government expert meeting on investigatory powers of municipal courts of audit
On December 5, 2016, CPC researchers Frank van Ommeren and Chris Jansen participated in an expert meeting organised by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. The meeting discussed whether municipal courts of audit have sufficient investigatory powers and whether legislation is needed as a means to deal with possible problems in this respect.

➢ Rianne Jacobs appointed professor of Legislation and Regulation
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam has appointed Rianne Jacobs as honorary professor of Legislation and Regulation as of September 1, 2016. The Ministry of Security and Justice has helped establishing this endowed chair. Based on her experience as a legislation lawyer, Jacobs will investigate as CPC researcher issues regarding the transposition of public policy goals into legislation. Examples of such issues are: the implications of technological developments (digitalization) as well as Europeanization and globalization for legislation.

➢ University Research Chair granted to CPC researcher Jacobien Rutgers
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam has appointed CPC researcher Jacobien Rutgers as full professor in the University Research Chair (URC) program as of January 1, 2017. VU University Research Chair (URC) is a selective and privileged appointment as full professor. The chair has been created to recognize ...

➢ International book project ‘Scarcity and the State’
CPC researcher Frank van Ommeren co-edited two books on the allocation of scarce public rights, in close co-operation with Paul Adriaanse (Leiden University), Willemien den Ouden (Leiden University) and Johan Wolswinkel ...


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